Literally ‘the new stone age’; in Britain this is the period from about 4500 to 2200 BC. During this time there was an important change from a hunter-gather lifestyle to one of settled farming. Although limited to stone or wooden tools, the new economy enabled people to settle more permanently, to build more substantial houses and even to build large ceremonial or ritual monuments, such as the causewayed enclosures at Fornham All Saints and Freston.

Causwayed enclosure at Freston